The policy and process to have the waste minimization means to reduce the production of waste at society and individual level. The wider part of the aim, which is remarked as waste reduction, is often understood as waste hierarchy.
Effective processes and policies occupy the hierarchy for waste the top. This term is strongly taken with all the efforts made to have the minimized used of energy and resources. When we speak for waste minimization, we know that fewer materials are utilized to manufacture products at industrial level consequently, lesser waste is produced. The waste minimization is not an easy task to comprehend rather extensive knowledge is there waiting to be revealed.
The major sources for waste differ from location to location and country to country. Like in United Kingdom the major source for waste are industries, then agriculture and construction sites. The waste coming from houses makes a very small portion. The chief reason for the production of waste depends upon the requirements in the supply chain. For instance, a company, which is handling any product, can persist that the product must be packed with particular packing equipment.
At Industrial Level:
At industrial level if they use effective processes for manufacturing products with enhanced materials it is likely to reduce waste production. Since waste minimization has been introduced, innovative and commercially successful products are utilized as replacements. This term “waste management” is a great benefit for not only industry but also the environment.
Waste minimization never comes free of cost and investment is required. This investment is remunerated by savings but it is known fact that if a portion is processed for waste reduction then it is possible that other portion may get in to the excessive production of waste.
Government is putting forward incentives for waste reduction and focus on the benefits for environment over the adoption of strategies for waste reduction.
Following is mentioned the list for the waste reduction or minimization process:
- Optimization of resources: waste reduction at individual and institutional level goes side by side with the utilization of raw materials.
- Using again the Scrap Material: this is the process in which individual and industry reuse the waste material as soon as it is produced. This keeps it from becoming a waste material.
- Quality control improvement and process monitoring: this technique is to ensure that products produced are kept from rejection and this is increased by the inspection of frequency and monitoring point’s inspection.
- Exchanging Waste: this is the technique in which the waste product, which comes out of a process, becomes a raw material for another process. This is another way for reducing waste.
- Point of use from ship: to maintain and making deliveries for the raw materials to be used with the manufacturing process, at the point of assembly with fewer packages and wrappings can save from the waste production.
Design of products:
At the design, stage for any product waste minimization along with resource maximization can be achieved. Achievement can be done by reduction of the amount of components used in the production. This not only saves from the waste minimization at this stage but also later at due to it being less complex makes way for the recycling. In some cases when it is better to have raw materials, volume cut down for the production of a product so in place the amount of the volume for toxic materials is reduced.
The intended use for fitting:
The product, which is produced to be used once, must be designed to meet the use it is intended for. This formula is specifically applied to the materials for packaging, which requires being more reliable to keep products from damages.
Improving product durability is another way to have waste reduced.
At household level:
Household waste refers to all the waste which is produced at house level due to use of products and resources utilized in homes. Waste minimization is however, difficult to have at household and individual level. Still there are some points where waste reduction can be started off.
For instance, apposite sizes and amounts must be chosen while shopping household products. As if a person buys a large container of paint for small decorating purpose would not only generate waste but also money goes wasted as well.
At house level, the waste minimization often is accompanied by the style of living. It merely is waste production activity to buy new products when you have already useable but older products.
Another way for having household waste reduction is to go through home composting by which turning garden and kitchen with the compost. However, when it comes to the recyclable waste then suggested method is not to have them reduced.
Individual can have waste production reduced by buying lesser products and if bought then buying such products that come in longer lives. Broken and damaged products can be mended and repaired to minimize waste and walking is better option to cut fuel use in car.
Packaging Recycling Classification system generally has its bases on the balance for the recyclable and non-recyclables. This ratio is used to conclude the grading system and a survey with a pressure concept. This system was invented and put forward by Michael Butter from England in year 2005. This system is under operation freely. This system makes use of environment and consumer’s top most importance and looks around for packaging modification and recycling. This system lets the public to “pullApart” the package and then decides which part must go where. They decide which part of the waste is recyclable and which is not. Surveys have shown that out of mass of waste only 3 percent is capable for recycling while, other 30 percent is good and remaining part if good for nothing.